They are spherical in shape with a slightly pointed and flattened ends. Coriander Seeds are generally 3 – 5 mm (1/8” – 3/16”) in length and the colour, when dried, is usually brown,but may be green or off white. These tan-colored, ribbed and lightweight fruits have a distinctive fragrance and orange or lemon like flavor, due to the presence of the terpenes linalool and pinene. They are usually dried but can be eaten green.
They are widely used as spices in preparing curries, Middle Eastern dishes, vegetables, stewed fruit, chutney, pickles, cakes, biscuits, lentils, etc. For obtaining superlative flavour, whole coriander seeds should be used within six months, or stored for no more than a year in an air tight container, away from sunlight and heat.