The ripe fruit (seed) is small, oblong, cylindrical, 6.8mm long, straight or slightly curved, greenish yellow, deeply furrowed, 5 ridged and having agreeable aroma.
The leaves of fennel are used for garnishing. Dried fruits have fragrant odour and pleasant aromatic taste and therefore used as a masticatory. They are also used for flavouring food products. The fruits are aromatic, stimulant and carminative. Fennel has been used as a flavoring agent, a scent, and an insect repellent, as well as an herbal remedy. Used in food, medicines, liquor and perfume industries.