Known as the ‘king of spices’, black pepper has remained the most precious and valuable form of spices in the world. It is the 3rd most added ingredient in food among the wide range of spices. India is one of the largest producers of black pepper,after China and Vietnam. Black pepper has played a pivotal role in India’s international trade and it is said that the Europeans came to India primarily for this very spice. A wide variety of black pepper is traded at an international level, with India as one of the top five exporters of black pepper, along with Vietnam, Indonesia, Brazil and Malaysia.
Native from South America, the chilli pepper is the fruit of the plants from the genus Capsicum, which are members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae, even though chillies may be thought of as a vegetables, their culinary usage is generally a spice.